The average English speaker knows 50,000 words in contemporary use 25 words than there are stars in the night sky visible to the naked eye Yet stripped down to its origins, this apparently huge vocabulary is in reality a much smaller number of words from Latin, French and the Germanic languages It is estimated that every year, 800 neologisms are added to the English language acronyms yuppie , blended words motel , and those taken from foreign languages savoir faire The Bloomsbury Dictionary of Word Origins provides a concise history of over 8,000 of the most commonly used words The range of information spans from derivations as simple as a and one from an , to historical relations between words which would be obscure to all but the most lexically minded For instance vice with its several uses in English a wickedness, a holding tool is derived via Old French from two separate Latin words vitium defect, offence , and vitis vine which gave viticulture The Bloomsbury Dictionary of Word Origins demonstrates how the diverse influences on English have given rise to some unlikely but fascinating lexical relations Bishop had no ecclesiastical origins, but was in fact derived from the Greek episkopos , meaning overseer , and shares origins with spy In strict etymological terms, a dairy should employ a female kneader of bread Laid out in an A Z format with detailed cross references, written in a style that is both authoritative and accessible, the Bloomsbury Dictionary of Word Origins is a valuable historical guide to the English language....
|Title||:||Dictionary of Word Origins: The histories of over 8000 words explained|
|Publisher||:||Bloomsbury Publishing Auflage 1 3 September 2001|
|Number of Pages||:||592 Seiten|
|File Size||:||788 KB|
|Status||:||Available For Download|
|Last checked||:||21 Minutes ago!|
Dictionary of Word Origins: The histories of over 8000 words explained Reviews
For phonology and phonetics lovers, this is an amazing dictionary. It has many words and the letters are very well written.
... because I use it so often. That's right, there are so many fascinating, helpful word origins in this book that due to over-use and laying the book out flat to read it (over breakfast, etc.), it's the first book I actually split in two down the binding. So now I'll need to get another one. I read a few word origins from this book almost daily, it's my favorite word book. These word origins reveal twists, turns and reverses of the human mind, history and culture over the ages. Mr. Ayto doesn't just pick a few of the most interesting words; I like that a wide variety of words -- including mundane -- can be found here. The author is candid (marking with an asterisk) about which pre-literate word origins involve guess work. At the end of entries you'll often find cross-referenced words.
I like Mr.Ayto's heart warming consideration given to the readers of all level, specially to those who are about to walk into the primeval forest of words.He did his best to avoid intricate technical terms and made the explanations very easy to understand for everybody, thus literally inviting people to join him into the mystic world of languages, where our words were born hundreds of milleniums ago.I have no doubt that someday one of the readers of this book will find out the genesis of our words in return.
I had this book for years and it suddenly went missing. Finally I decided to replace it because it is so handy to be able to see where a word originated. Things we use everyday, old sayings or words that never made any sense are more clear once I look them up.Take Science for instance, from the Latin word scienta meaning knowledge. Something they no longer teach in school is word origins. This one is easy to use, look up the word and it will send you to other pages to find the origin or it will be right there.I love this book.
This is a wonderful book! It is indispensable to students or anyone who reads books that have been written in the past, or for those with a curious nature.The dictionary is in alphabetical order with stories of how each word came into the English language and has evolved over time.For example:Alcohol - Originally, alcohol was a powder, not a liquid. The word comes from Arabic al-kuhul, literally `the kohl'--that is, powdered antimony used as a cosmetic for darkening the eyelids. This was borrowed into English via French or Medieval Latin, and retained this `powder' meaning for some centuries (for instance, `They put between the eyelids and the eye a certain black powder made of a mineral brought from the kingdom of Fez, and called Alcohol,' George Sandys, Travels 1615). But a change was rapidly taking place: from specifically `antimony,' alcohol came to mean any substance obtained by sublimation, and hence `quintessence.' Alcohol of wine was thus the `quintessence of wine,' produced by distillation or rectification, and by the middle of the 18th century alcohol was being used on its own for the intoxicating ingredient in strong liquor. The more precise chemical definition (a compound with a hydroxyl group bound to a hydrocarbon group) developed in the 19th century.
Dr. Templeton (University of Nevada at Reno) of Words Their Way fame recommended this book to me because I teach seventh graders who like to use big words on people. They like to know big words, their contextual and denotative meanings, and they use them every chance they get. For instance, one of our November words was "tractable." My students loved this word because they are learning the fine art of looking calm and in control on the outside--even if they are the exact opposite on the inside. One student told her mother that she was just going to have to be tractable about going to a relative's house over the holidays.If you like to know about words beyond their definitions, this is an excellent resource. If you teach school and want to captivate your students, you most certainly need this book and several others like it in your classroom collection. You can marvel at students who grab word origins books when there is independence time in class!
Great book. I like knowing the origins of the various words we use. Fast shipping too.
A must have for the wordsmith, writer, or any individual fascinated with in depth origins/meanings of words. A must have for any book collection. Superb.